Types of Dental Implants
There are three types of dental implants to consider carefully, to ensure you choose the most suitable dental implant to replace missing teeth. Dental Care Plus has compiled this FAQ answer guide to help inform patients about the different types of dental implants and the factors involved in choosing the most suitable dental implant.
Updated: 26th November 2019
Dental Implant Types
There are three types of dental implants which may be used for the attachment process in the procedure. This decision is usually based on the amount of jawbone the patient has available.
The types of dental implants:
- Endosteal implants. A common dental implant fixed into the bone in the jaw, recreating the natural hold of a tooth root.
- Zygomatic implants. A dental implant in which the cheek bone is used as an implant base rather than the upper jaw.
- Subperiosteal implants. A dental implant suited to people whose jawbone cannot hold an endosteal implant.
Endosteal implants will be used in over 9 in 10 of cases due to the simplicity of the procedure. If the jawbone cannot hold an endosteal implant the subperiosteal implant can be used, which involves attaching the supports under the gum tissue instead of fixed into the jawbone. Patients do not tend to see any differences between the endosteal and subperiosteal implant. Zygomatic implants are used less frequently when other methods are not suitable. This is due to the complexity of the procedure which involves connecting the implant to the zygomatic bone (cheekbone).
Dental Implant Connection Methods
Once the type of dental implant has been decided, the connection method is the next thing to be chosen. This is usually decided by your dentist based on the most effect way to fix the recreated tooth to the dental implant.
Dental implant connection methods will be screw fixed or bonded on with dental cement.
Screw fixed dental implants are easier to maintain due to dentists being able to remove these if necessary. Dental cemented implants are permanent and cannot be removed, meaning these types of dental implant require higher levels of maintenance.
Width and Length of Implants
The last consideration for the type of dental implant will be the width and length of the attaching metal rod. Bone density and depth are the main factors to consider, to ensure there is enough surface area contact with the jawbone to fix the dental implant with enough space between teeth.
Choosing Your Dental Implants
You will have input into choosing the most suitable type of dental implants to have fixed. Therefore, it is important that you make an informed decision based on your needs and the advice from your dentist. The following are some key things to consider when choosing:
- How comfortable you are with the length of the procedure (which can take up to 8 months)
- Any complications your dentist raises with your preferred type of dental implant
- The appearance and functionality of the dental implants
- The level of maintenance required in terms of oral hygiene and dental implant aftercare
For more information regarding choosing the most suitable dental implant feel free to contact us or book a free consultation session.